Chess involves pieces on the board. We have 16 pieces for each player which contains 8 pawns, 2 rooks, 2 knights, 2 bishops, 1 queen, and 1 king. The following shows the simple movements of the pieces.
The Rook moves in straight line which could either be horizontal or vertical but not diagonal. The example below shows how rook can move in any square as illustrated in the arrows.
If an opponent’s piece stands in your way, you can “eat” or take that piece. In the diagram above, you can take away the black pawn (at g5 coordinates). When you take a piece, your own piece will be placed on that square where your opponent previously resides. In this example, if you take away black’s pawn at g5, you have to take away that black pawn, then place your rook at g5. Simple as that. The rook, like any other piece, moves in any empty square as long as there are no blocking pieces.
Your movements are blocked if any pieces stands in your way. You can only move as far as that blocking piece. In the diagram, you can not move to h5 (marked as “X” in the diagram) because a piece is blocking your way. You can, however, move to e5 or f5. It doesn’t matter how many square the piece move, as long as it is not blocked. This holds true to all pieces except the knight.
This piece moves similar to that of a rook. The only difference is that it moves in a diagonal way. Straight path, but in a diagonal way.
Here, you can take the black’s pawn. But you cannot go to a8 or b1 as it is blocked by pieces.
The queen moves both horizontal and diagonal. It’s like a combination of rook and a bishop. The queen is considered as the most powerful piece on the board. It has the most scope in terms of movement.
You can move anywhere you like in the designated arrows. But not on the squares with “X” mark because it is blocked by pieces. You can, however, take the knight and the pawn.
The knight moves in “L” shape consisting of three square plus one square to form an “L” shape.
What’s so special about the knight is its movement. Unlike the queen, rook, bishop, pawn and the king, the knight can not be blocked by any piece. It simply jumps overhead at those pieces just like any other horses 🙂
In the diagram above, you can take the black’s pawn at c6 even if the black’s rook is blocking your way. Or, your knight can move to c2 even if your own pawn is blocking your way. The knight can take (or “eats”) a piece anywhere the knight can land on.
These pieces are considered as the foot soldiers of the game. The eight of them can only move forward. And what so special about this piece is the difference in their movements and how they take opponent’s piece. When they move, they only move forward one square. But there’s one exception. They can move two squares only if they are in their initial square. Other than that, they can move only one square forward at a time.
The diagram shows that the pawn at a2 can move to a4 because it is in its initial/original position. It can also move to a3 if you wish. The other pawns in the diagram can move one square forward. When taking a piece, they move forward one square diagonally. The pawn in f4, for example, can take the pawn at g5. If you take that piece, then you piece will now be at g5. One interesting thing to note about pawns is that, when the pawn reaches the last square, then your pawn will be promoted to a knight or a bishop or a rook, or it can even be promoted to a queen. Imagine how powerful your army if you got more than one queen on the board.
If the Queen is the most powerful on the board, then the king is the most important piece on the board. The game ends when the king is taken. The king’s movement is simple. It only move one square from it’s current position.
The movements of these chess pieces is necessary for an individual to understand chess. From here, you can build up foundations to learn the intricate world of chess.